Gibraltar City Walls and Fortifications

Gibraltar’s fortifications have more history associated with them than possibly any other walled city or town in western Europe. These fortifications still stand today in the form of a great wall built around the city, it represents over 800 years of Moorish, Spanish and British history. From the moment the British occupied the Rock, the fortification of its perimeter was expanded and Gibraltar was transformed into a military super fortress.

Below is a list of the various items covered in this section.

(A) Landport Gate, Grand Battery, North Battery, West Place of Arms, Grand Casemates

(B) Grand Casemates Gates, Waterport Roundabout

(C) Old Mole, Devils Tongue Battery

(D) Montagu Bastion, Montagu Counterguard, Montagu Curtain

(E) Orange Bastion, Chatham Counterguard, American War Memorial

(F) Prince Alberts Front, Zoca Flank Battery

(G) Line Wall Promenade, City War Memorial

(H) Kings Bastion

(I) Sir Herbert Miles Promenade, Wellington Front Right and Left Bastions

(J) South Bastion, Ragged Staff Gates

(K) Southport Gate

(L) Flat Bastion, Prince Edwards Gate

(M) Jumpers Bastion

The alphabetical list below provides links to other Batteries or Fortifications not included in the sections above.

The three photographs below show sections of the 8 metre long model of Gibraltar constructed in 1865, now housed in the museum. They are the best way of getting a clear view of the walls which are still intact today despite the expansion of the modern town around them. Extensive reclamation of land during the 20th century has pushed back the sea, many new buildings obscure the walls, however, visitors can still easily walk along the entire route of the walls. We have LETTERED the photographs in a sequence which would provide a good walking tour.

Click to enter section 1

This section contains the following:

(A) Landport Gate, Grand Battery, North Battery,

West Place of Arms, Grand Casemates

(B) Grand Casemates Gates, Waterport Roundabout

(C) Old Mole, Devils Tongue Battery

(D) Montagu Bastion, Montagu Counterguard,

Montagu Curtain

(E) Orange Bastion, Chatham Counterguard,

American War Memorial

(F) Prince Alberts Front, Zoca Flank Battery

Click to enter section 2

This section contains the following:

(G) Line Wall Promenade, City War Memorial

(H) Kings Bastion

(I) Sir Herbert Miles Promenade,

Wellington Front Right and Left Bastions

Click to enter section 3

This section contains the following:

(J) South Bastion, Ragged Staff Gates

(K) Southport Gate

(L) Flat Bastion, Prince Edwards Gate

(M) Jumpers Bastion

The walls extend further along the coast to the south but viewing becomes more difficult. These southerly walls are more modern, dating to late 19th century and early 20th century.

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